Netzarim, Original followers of Yeshua & His 12
Some Christian churches are teaching that the Passover was "fulfilled" and thus, "nailed to the cross". If this is true, then Yeshua's blood was for naught, for Passover is the story of redemption by the killing of the Passover Lamb. Israelites obeyed God by applying the blood of the Passover lamb to the doorposts of their houses so that their firstborn would be spared the Tenth Curse against Pharoah who refused to let God's enslaved Chosen People leave Egypt. When the Angel of Death passed through the land and saw the blood, he "passed over" those houses and spared the first born (Exodus 12:1-13). This was a foreshadowing of Yeshua, God's "Passover Lamb" who willingly allowed His own blood to be shed on our behalf and thus became our redemption. The Messiah fulfilled this holiday when he was crucified! "Fulfilled" does not mean "put an end to"! Yahweh never referred to this Biblical feast as "Easter"!
While some Christians are teaching that the Feast of Passover was "nailed to the cross", there are some within the Messianic/Hebraic Faith "Movement" who insist that Yeshua celebrated the Passover with His disciples a day early, on the evening of 13 Nisan (which was the start of 14 Nisan, as the Biblical calendar day goes from sunset to sunset). Therefore, we have written the following article which will show that the meal Yeshua and His disciples had on the evening of 13 Nisan was nothing more than a "last supper" (not the "Passover Seder" itself) in which He outlined how He was to be remembered.
Bottom line up front:
Leviticus 23: 5 "'In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, between sundown and complete darkness, comes Pesach for ADONAI.
Numbers 9: 1 The LORD spoke to Moses in the Desert of Sinai in the first month of the second year after they came out of Egypt. He said, 2 "Have the Israelites celebrate the Passover at the appointed time. 3 Celebrate it at the appointed time, at twilight on the fourteenth day of this month, in accordance with all its rules and regulations." 4 So Moses told the Israelites to celebrate the Passover, 5 and they did so in the Desert of Sinai at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month. The Israelites did everything just as the LORD commanded Moses.
"Twilight/dusk" happens only once per day, and it happens towards the end of a day - no matter what calendar we use! Since God is the same yesterday, today and tomorrow, why would He allow the Passover Lamb to partake of the Passover meal on the evening of 13 Nisan, hours BEFORE He was killed on the cross - which would have, in effect, changed God's appointed Passover time? And if it HAD been allowed, wouldn't Yeshua have said, "From now on, Passover is to be on the eve of 13 Nisan"? Yeshua NEVER went against His Father's Torah!
Scriptures indicate that since Yeshua was our Passover Lamb who, according to the Torah had to die on Nisan 14 when the traditional Passover lambs were slain and eaten on the same evening (as outlined in Exodus 12:5-8 and Numbers 28:16-17), then He would not and could not have partaken of Passover on that particular year because He was crucified before the Yahweh-commanded 14 Nisan "twilight/dusk" Passover meal!
In order to figure this out, we need only to study the Bible in context and do a little arithmetic. The Bible tells us that Passover is always on Nisan 14. Numbers 28:16-17 says: "In the first month on the 14th day of the month is ADONAI's Pesach (Passover). On the 15th day of the month is to be a feast." The Scriptures verify this several times. On the 14th, as Yahweh instructed, His people were to slaughter the lamb toward twilight/dusk toward the evening and eat it "that same night" - because the 15th was to be a feast:
Exodus 12: 5 The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats. 6 Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the people of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight ("Twilight" of the 14th doesn't happen until 24 hours later, just before the 14th turns into the 15th!). 7 Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the door frames of the houses where they eat the lambs. 8 That same night (of the 14th to the 15th) they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast.
Note again that we are told to slaughter the lambs at twilight on the "fourteenth day of the month". The Scripture does not say, "at twilight on the thirteenth day going in to the 14th day of the month". (On the Biblical calendar, a "day" begins at sunset/twilight and ends at sunset/twilight 24 hours later.) To clarify this further, Yahweh said that the 15th day is to be a feast:
Numbers 28: 16 Then on the fourteenth day of the first month shall be the LORD'S Passover. 17 On the fifteenth day of this month shall be a feast, unleavened bread shall be eaten for seven days.
Please study this for yourselves, but it seems somehow we are misunderstanding the Gospels because, at first glance, there seems to be an inconsistency in the passage of time between "the first day of Passover" and the time that Yeshua was actually crucified. One must pay very close attention in order to see that the Jews were in the process of preparing for the Passover, and that Yeshua was THE Passover Lamb who had to be killed on 14 Nisan as the Bible indicates - and therefore:
For instance, in both Luke 22:1-13 and Mark 14:12-18 we are told it was "the day of Passover" when Yeshua shared his meal with the the Talmedim (disciples) - but when checking closely, we realize something is "off" because if it was the day of Passover, then Yeshua would have died that same day! But, at the time he ate with his Talmidim, He hadn't yet been arrested, much less tried, convicted and executed....
Upon closer examination, we see that these Scriptures do NOT actually say that Yeshua and His disciples ate a Passover meal, but rather that they "prepared" for the Passover. And nowhere do we see that Yeshua held an actual Passover Seder meal, performing any of the 15 traditional symbolic steps. We are told that He reclined with His disciples on the evening of the day He had ordered them to prepare for the Passover and at that time He explained to them the symbolism of the wine and matzah. This was a memorial meal!
Luke 22: 15. And he said to them, I have greatly desired that I eat this Paskha with you before I suffer. 16. I say to you for that from now on I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the Kingdom of Elohim.
In the above we can see that Yeshua stated that, despite His desire, the Father had other plans - which included that Yeshua suffer. Therefore, He wouldn't be celebrating the Passover with them again until He celebrates it with them in the coming Millenium or the kingdom. At some point He must have referred to this meal as a Passover preparation, or else the disciples wouldn't have known what He wanted prepared. Preparation Day is always on the afternoon of the 14th, with the lambs' slaughter followed by the meal later - towards twilight - just before the 14th turns into the 15th. Yeshua who was to be THE Passover Lamb had a "Memorial Meal" 24 hours earlier, on the 14th just after sunset on the 13th.
John 18 and 19 tells us that Yeshua was sentenced, tried, convicted and crucified on the "day of Passover" which the Bible tells us is always 14 Nisan! See for yourselves:
John 18: 28 They led Yeshua from Kayafa to the governor's headquarters. By now it was early morning. They did not enter the headquarters building because they didn't want to become ritually defiled and thus unable to eat the Pesach meal.
John 19: 14 ...it was about noon on Preparation Day of Pesach. He said to the Judeans, "Here's your king!" 15 They shouted, "Take him away! Take him away! Put him to death on the stake!" Pilate said to them, "You want me to execute your king on a stake?" The head cohanim answered, "We have no king but the Emperor." 16 Then Pilate handed Yeshua over to them to have him put to death on the stake.
In order to help us understand this properly, we need to examine the timeline in scripture backwards from the time Mary Magdalene found that Yeshua was missing from His grave early on the first day of the week (what we call "Sunday"). According to the account in all the Gospels, the timeline from that Sunday morning, back to when Yeshua was arrested, tried, convicted and executed, would have fallen on a Wednesday, which John 18:28 and 19:14 confirm was on Nisan 14. Thus Yeshua's final meal with the Talmedim must have been the evening before.
Yeshua was in the grave three days and three nights. As the Passover Lamb He had to die on Nisan 14 (Passover) during the High Holy Days (see Leviticus 23:5). That means He was in the grave just before sunset on Wednesday night, according to Scripture (John 19:31); all day Thursday and Thursday night; all day Friday and Friday night, and all day Saturday (as Jonah was in the whale three days and three nights) until just before sunset on Saturday when He was resurrected. (For a complete indepth explanation on this, please see our article On What Day Was Our Savior Resurrected?)
(As an aside, one has to wonder why there are the apparent discrepancies of Luke 22 and Mark 14 regarding the day Yeshua ate with his disciples before the Crucifixion. We get a clue by carefully examining Mark 16. Note that many Bible versions [including Stern's Complete Jewish Bible] include footnotes explaining that "Mark 16, verses 9-20 are found in many ancient Greek manuscripts but not in the two oldest ones"....Who added these extra Scriptures and when and why? It should not then come as a surprise that the translations of Luke 22 and Mark 16 might have similarly been altered over the centuries causing the confusion about the day of Yeshua's last meal.)
The above is certainly not an easy concept to grasp, but the bottom line is: Yeshua died on the first evening of Passover, and Passover seders are to be held on the evening (sunset) of Nisan 14th, for the 15th (which starts immediately after sunset) is to be a feast (Numbers 28:16-17)."